Muscovy Duck Cairina moschata

  • Order: Anseriformes
  • Family: Anatidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Jack C. Eitniear, R. Bribiesca-Formisano, Claudia I. Rodríguez-Flores, Carlos A. Soberanes-González, and Marîa del Coro Arizmendi


Conservation Status

Muscovy Duck has a very broad distribution; despite local population declines or even regional extirpation, this species is not threatened at the global level, and its IUCN Red List conservation status is Least Concern (BirdLife International 2015). In Mexico, it is considered Endangered because its distribution and/or population size in the country have declined dramatically, threatening their viability (Wetlands International 2006).

Effects of human activity on populations

Wild Muscovy Ducks are heavily hunted throughout much of their range. On the other hand, muscovies can respond well to efforts to augment populations, such as through the provisioning of artificial nest boxes (Markum and Baldassare 1989).

Recommended Citation

Eitniear, J. C., R. Bribiesca-Formisano, C. I. Rodríguez-Flores, C. A. Soberanes-González, and M. d. C. Arizmendi (2015). Muscovy Duck (Cairina moschata), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.