Parker et al. (1996) list the research priority for the Multicolored Tanager as medium. Deforestation is likely causing population declines across this already range-restricted species (Hilty 2011). Further, Marín-Gómez (et al. 2009) found that the Multicolored Tanager did not use corridor habitat. Thus, of utmost importance is to halt further fragmentation of mature forests and to initiate restoration projects. Areas of restoration efforts must support highly fragmented populations and to connect populations with sufficiently expansive corridors (e.g., Fierro-Calderón et al. 2008). Conservation efforts should include regular census of existing populations and the identification of perhaps as-of-yet undetected populations (Hilty 2011). There are no recognized subspecies or phenotypic variation within the Multicolored Tanager, and as far as we have been able to ascertain, molecular divergence between populations has not been evaluated. However, it is unlikely that such a sedentary, range-restricted species with disjunct populations occurring on the Central and West Andes respectively, and having a clutch size of only one, belong to a single operational taxonomic unit (or a unit of conservation concern). The extent of divergence present, if any, would potentially be very important to conservation efforts.