One of three Chlorochrysa tanagers, the Colombian endemic and globally threatened Multicolored Tanager is a stunningly attractive bird. Males possess a yellow face and throat, a gleaming green nape, a black and chestnut patch on the neck, a yellow mantle and greenish-blue rump, green wings and tail, and bright blue underparts with black median breast and belly. Females are largely similar but duller, and lack the yellow mantle and any black on the underparts. Fairly common locally in the West Andes and north Central Andes of Colombia, this tanager inhabits humid, mossy forest mainly at elevations between 1300 and 2200 m. However, its numbers appear to have declined noticeably during the course of the last 50 years. The name Chlorochrysa nitidissima comes from Greek and Latin words; with Chlorochrysa derived from the Greek words khloros (green) and khrusos (gold), and nitidissima meaning "most brilliant", a superlative of the Latin word nitidus meaning “shining, glittering” (Jobling 2009). The common name in Spanish is the Tangara Multicolor (Hilty 2011, de Juana et al. 2012), or Clorocrisa Multicolor (Chaparro-Herrera et al. 2013, Fierro-Calderón and Johnston-González 2014).