The Mountain Plover is an enigmatic shorebird which is endemic to North America. Breeding in the western Great Plains of the US and extreme southern Canada, the primary wintering grounds are across northern Mexico and California. Dependent on short-grass prairies for breeding, most birds winter on agricultural fields, especially those that are tilled or turned up to reveal invertebrate prey. This plover's pale brown and white coloration provides countershading camouflage that allows it to blend in perfectly in its dry, open habitats, even when present in large groups of up to several hundred individuals. The species' small population and loss of habitat has caused it to be listed as "near threatened" on the IUCN Red List.