Mishana Tyrannulet Zimmerius villarejoi

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Tyrannidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Jacob Socolar

Diet and Foraging


Mishana Tyrannulet consumes both insects and fruit. Alvarez and Whitney (2001) report foraging observations, including of a pair consuming berries of the mistletoe Oryctanthus alveolatus, and observations of an individual taking small arthropods. Alvarez and Whitney (2001) additional report the content of two stomachs, one of which contained a single seed (Leguminosea), and the other of which contained several seeds of a Miconia sp. (Melastomatacea) and fragments of arthropods.

Foraging Behavior

Mishana Tyrannulet forages actively in the canopy and subcanopy, generally apart from mixed flocks. After foraging on mistletoe, it regurgitates the seeds and wipes them on tree branches, a behavior typical of several small canopy frugivores (Alvarez and Whitney 2001). This species forages for small arthropods with short sally-pounces and sally-strikes to twigs or to the margins and undersides of leaves (Alvarez and Whitney 2001).

Recommended Citation

Socolar, J. (2018). Mishana Tyrannulet (Zimmerius villarejoi), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/nb.mistyr1.01