The Minute Hermit is a resident of Brazil from Bahia south to Rio de Janeiro. True to its name, the Minute Hermit is a very small member of the hummingbird subfamily Phaethornithinae. These sexually dimorphic hummingbirds have dark green iridescent upperparts, with males displaying a dark brown throat and patchy iridescent feathers on the breast and females displaying an orange-ochraceous throat and breast. The Minute Hermit can be found in the understory of primary or secondary growth forest islands within coastal cerrado. This restricted range hummingbird is confined to extremely vulnerable rainforest habitat in the Atlantic forest lowlands, and any further destruction of forest poses a severe threat to this species future.