Mexican Parrotlet Forpus cyanopygius

  • Order: Psittaciformes
  • Family: Psittacidae
  • Polytypic: 2 subspecies
  • Authors needed...


Conservation Status

The Mexican Parrotlet is a tropical resident of high tri-national concern (Mexico-U.S.-Canada) to Partners in Flight (Berlanga et al. 2010). ). It is classified as Least Concern by IUCN (BirdLife International 2011) but is listed as Special Protection in Mexico (SEMARNAT 2002). Based on determinations of habitat loss, Berlanga et al (2010) estimated that 15-49% of the population has been lost in Mexico during the last century, and it is likely that similar rates of loss have occurred throughout the species’ range. Although possibly decreasing in numbers, it still has a large population size and does not approach levels that indicate conservation concern (BirdLife International 2011). It has an estimated world breeding population of 20,000-49,999 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2011), and has a resident distribution of about 115,000 km2 (BirdLife International 2011). This parrotlet is endemic to northwestern Mexico. Their restriction to a region in Mexico increases their vulnerability and therefore this species is of high tri-national concern.

Effects of human activity on populations

The Mexican Parrotlet faces heightened risk because of its specialization on threatened tropical deciduous forest habitats. The primary threat to this species is loss of this habitat type due to conversion to logging, wood harvesting, and livestock grazing. In addition to threats of habitat loss, this species is threatened by trapping for the bird trade, which although illegal in Mexico, remains a threat. Large-scale development of vacation properties also threatens to destroy and fragment remaining tropical deciduous forests along Mexico’s Pacific Coast.

Recommended Citation

Mexican Parrotlet (Forpus cyanopygius), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: