Merida Flowerpiercer Diglossa gloriosa

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Thraupidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Courtney Drake, Erik R. Funk, Casey H. Richart, and Kevin J. Burns


BirdLife International. 2016. Species factsheet: Merida Flowerpiercer Diglossa gloriosa. Downloaded from BirdLife International.

Burns, K.J., S.J. Hackett, and N.K. Klein. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships of Neotropical honeycreepers and the evolution of feeding morphology. Journal of Avian Biology 34: 360-370.

Burns, K.J. and A.J. Shultz. 2012. Widespread cryptic dichromatism and ultraviolet reflectance in the largest radiation of Neotropical songbirds: implications of accounting for avian vision in the study of plumage evolution. Auk 129: 211-221.

Burns, K.J., A.J. Shultz, P.O. Title, N.A. Mason, F.K. Barker, J. Klicka, S.M. Lanyon and I.J. Lovette. 2014. Phylogenetics and diversification of tanagers (Passeriformes: Thraupidae), the largest radiation of Neotropical songbirds. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 75: 41-77.

Clements, J.F., T.S. Schulenberg, M.J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T.A. Fredericks, B.L. Sullivan, and C.L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York. Downloaded from

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis (editors). 2014. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

Fjeldså, J., and N. Krabbe. 1990. Birds of the high Andes: a manual to the birds of the temperate zone of the Andes and Patagonia, South America. Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Graves, G.R. 1982. Speciation in the Carbonated Flower-piercer (Diglossa carbonaria) complex of the Andes. Condor 84: 1-14.

Hilty, S.L. 2003. Birds of Venezuela. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Hilty, S.L. 2011. Family Thraupidae (Tanagers). Pages 46-329 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 16. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Isler M.L., and P.R. Isler. 1987. The tanagers. Second edition. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

Jobling, J.A. 2010. Helm dictionary of scientific bird names. Christopher Helm Publications, London.

Mauck, W.M., III and K.J. Burns. 2009. Phylogeny, biogeography, and recurrent evolution of divergent bill types in the nectar-stealing flowerpiercers (Thraupini: Diglossa and Diglossopis). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 98:14-28.

Meyer de Schauensee, R., and W.H. Phelps, Jr. 1978. A guide to the birds of Venezuela. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Moynihan, M. 1979. Geographic variation in social behavior and in adaptations to competition among Andean birds. Publications of the Nuttall Ornithological Club number 18.

Parker, T.A., III, D.F. Stotz, and J.W. Fitzpatrick. 1996. Ecological and distributional databases. Pages 113-436 in D.F. Stotz, J.W. Fitzpatrick, T.A. Parker III, and D.K. Moskovits, Neotropical birds: ecology and conservation. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois.

Restall, R.L., C. Rodner, and M.R. Lentino. 2007. Birds of northern South America: an identification guide. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.

Ridgely, R.S. and G. Tudor. 1989. The birds of South America. Volume I. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas.

Ridgely, R.S., and G. Tudor. 2009. Field guide to the songbirds of South America. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas.

Ryder, T.B., and J.D. Wolfe. 2009. The current state of knowledge on molt and plumage sequences in selected Neotropical bird families: a review. Ornitología Neotropical 20: 1-18.

Storer, R.W. 1970. Subfamily Thraupinae, tanagers. Pages 246-408 in R. A. Paynter, Jr., and R. W. Storer (editors), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume XIII. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Stotz, D.F., J.W. Fitzpatrick, T.A. Parker III, and D.K. Moskovits. 1996. Neotropical birds: ecology and conservation. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Vuilleumier, F. 1969. Systematics and evolution in Diglossa (Aves, Coerebidae). American Museum Novitates 2381: 1-44.

Vuilleumier, F., and D.N. Ewert. 1978. The distribution of birds in Venezuelan Páramos. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 162: 47-90.

Zimmer, J.T. 1929. Variation and distribution on two species of Diglossa. Auk 46: 21-37.

Recommended Citation

Drake, C., E. R. Funk, C. H. Richart, and K. J. Burns (2018). Merida Flowerpiercer (Diglossa gloriosa), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.