An enigmatic bamboo specialist, the Maroon-chested Ground-Dove is local and generally rare throughout its extensive range. Almost always found in dense patches of seeding bamboo in montane cloud forest. When present, most often detected when males sing in patches of seeding bamboo. As with many species specializing in bamboo, usually disappears or years and then reappears when bamboo matures. Feeds heavily, perhaps exclusively, on bamboo seeds. Most aspects of natural history are poorly known due to the difficulty of consistently finding this species at any one locale. Nest undescribed.