The Maroon-tailed Parakeet is a small, long-tailed, green-and-red parrot of foothill forest. It is part of the large and taxonomically-complicated genus Pyrrhura, and as a polytypic species is particularly likely to undergo taxonomic revision in the future. All populations of this species are green with maroon tails, maroon scaling in the crown, maroon-and-white scaling on the breast, and bright red primary coverts. The subspecies vary in size, in the presence of a white orbital ring around the eye, in the pattern of scaling on the breast, in the amount of red in the belly, and in the cheek coloration, among other features. They inhabit forest, where they are most often seen in groups flying through the forest or disappearing into trees to forage on fruits and seeds. This species occurs in the northwestern Amazon basin and eastern slopes of the northern Andes, in the central Andes of Colombia, and in the foothills of southwestern Colombia and northwestern Ecuador.