Masked Flowerpiercer Diglossa cyanea

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Thraupidae
  • Polytypic: 5 subspecies
  • Authors: Steven Byrum, Erik R. Funk, Casey H. Richart, and Kevin J. Burns


Bardeleben, C., M. M. Gray, , J. Austin, and I. A. D. Rosário. 2005. Isolation of polymorphic tetranucleotide microsatellite markers for the masked flowerpiercer Diglossa cyanea. Molecular Ecology Notes 5: 849-850.

BirdLife International. 2016. Species factsheet: Masked Flowerpiercer Diglossa cyanea. Downloaded from BirdLife International on 17 February 2016.

Burns, K.J., S.J. Hackett, and N.K. Klein. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships of Neotropical honeycreepers and the evolution of feeding morphology. Journal of Avian Biology 34: 360-370.

Burns, K.J., and A.J. Shultz. 2012. Widespread cryptic dichromatism and ultraviolet reflectance in the largest radiation of Neotropical songbirds: implications of accounting for avian vision in the study of plumage evolution. Auk 129: 211-221.

Burns, K.J., A.J. Shultz, P.O. Title, N.A. Mason, F.K. Barker, J. Klicka, S.M. Lanyon and I.J. Lovette. 2014. Phylogenetics and diversification of tanagers (Passeriformes: Thraupidae), the largest radiation of Neotropical songbirds. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 75: 41-77.

Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015. Downloaded from

Dickinson, E. C., and L. Christidis (editors). 2014. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Passerines. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

Echeverry-Galvis, M. A., S. Córdoba-Córdoba, C. A. Peraza, M. Piedad Baptiste, and J. A. Ahumada. 2006. Body weights of 98 species of Andean cloud-forest birds. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 126: 291-298.

Fjeldså, J., and N. Krabbe. 1990. Birds of the high Andes: a manual to the birds of the temperate zone of the Andes and Patagonia, South America. Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Greeney, H.F., M.E. Juiña J., J.B.C. Harris, M.T. Wickens, B. Winger, R.A. Gelis, E.T. Miller, and A. Solano-Ugalde. 2010. Observations on the breeding biology of birds in south-east Ecuador. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 130: 61-68.

Hellmayr, C. E. 1935. Catalogue of birds of the Americas. Part VIII. Field Museum of Natural History Zoological Series volume 13, part 8.

Hilty, S.L. 2003. Birds of Venezuela. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Hilty, S.L. 2011. Family Thraupidae (Tanagers). Pages 46-329 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 16. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Hilty, S.L., and W.L. Brown. 1986. A guide to the birds of Colombia. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Isler, M.L., and P.R. Isler. 1987. The tanagers: natural history, distribution, and
identification. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

Jobling, J.A. 2010. Helm dictionary of scientific bird names. Christopher Helm Publications, London.

Lafresnaye [F. de]. 1840. Oiseaux nouveaux de Santa-Fé de Bogota. Revue Zoologique 3: 101-106.

Mauck, W.M. and K. J. Burns. 2009. Phylogeny, biogeography, and recurrent evolution of divergent bill types in the nectar-stealing flowerpiercers (Thraupini: Diglossa and Diglossopis). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 8: 14–28.

Merkord, C. L. 2010. Seasonality and elevational migration in an Andean bird community. Doctoral dissertation. University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri.

Moynihan, M. 1963. Inter-specific relations between some Andean birds. Ibis 105: 327-339.

Moynihan, M. 1979. Geographic variation in social behavior and in adaptations to competition among Andean birds. Publications of the Nuttall Ornithological Club number 18. Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Munro, H.J., P.R. Martin, I.T. Moore, and F. Bonier. 2009. Blood parasites in adult and nestling birds in the Ecuadorian Andes. Ornitologia Neotropica 20: 461-465.

Oniki, Y., and E.O. Willis. 1991. Morphometrics, molt, cloacal temperatures and ectoparasites in Colombian birds. Caldasia 16: 519-524.

Parker, T.A., III, D.F. Stotz, and J.W. Fitzpatrick. 1996. Ecological and distributional databases. Pages 113-436 in D.F. Stotz, J.W. Fitzpatrick, T.A. Parker III, and D.K. Moskovits, Neotropical birds: ecology and conservation. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois.

Phelps, W.H., and W.H. Phelps Jr. 1952. Nine new birds from the Perija mountains and eleven extensions of ranges to Venezuela. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 65: 89–108.

Remsen, J.V., Jr., M.A. Traylor Jr., and K.C. Parkes. 1987. Range extensions for some Bolivian Birds, 3 (Tyrannidae to Passeridae). Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 107: 6-16.

Restall, R., C. Rodner, and M. Lentino. 2007. Birds of northern South America: an identification guide. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.

Ridgely, R.S., and P.J. Greenfield. 2001. The birds of Ecuador: a field guide. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.

Rojas-Nossa, S. V. 2007. Strategies of nectar extraction by flowerpiercers (Aves: Diglossa and Diglossopis) and their effects on the pollination of high Andean plants. Ornitología Colombiana 5: 21-39.

Ryder, T.B., and J.D. Wolfe. 2009. The current state of knowledge on molt and plumage sequences in selected Neotropical bird families. Ornitologia Neotropical 20: 1-18.

Schulenberg, T. S., D. F. Stotz, D. F. Lane, J. P. O’Neill, and T. A. Parker III. 2007. Birds of Peru. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Sclater, P.L., and O. Salvin. 1879. On the birds collected by the late Mr. T. K. Salmon in the state of Antioquia, United States of Colombia. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London [1879]: 489-550.

Sclater, P.L., and O. Salvin. 1879. On the birds collected in Bolivia by Mr. C. Buckley. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London (1879): 588-645.

Skutch, A.F. 1954. Life histories of Central American birds, families Fringillidae to
. Pacific Coast Avifauna 31.

Storer, R.W. 1970. Subfamily Thraupinae, tanagers. Pages 246-408 in R.A. Paynter, Jr., and R.W. Storer (editors), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume XIII. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Tschudi, J.J. von. 1844.Avium conspectus quae in Republica Peruana reperiuntur et pleraeque observatae vel collectae sunt in itinere a Dr. I. I. de Tschudi. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 10: 262-317.

Vuilleumier, F. 1969. Systematics and evolution in Diglossa (Aves, Coerebidae). American Museum Novitates 2381.

Zimmer, J.T. 1942.Studies of Peruvian birds. No. XLIV. Notes on the genera Diglossa and Cyanerpes, with addenda to Ochthoeca. American Museum Novitates number 1203.

Zimmer, J.T., and W.H. Phelps. 1952. A new race of the honey-creeper, Diglossa cyanea, from Venezuela. American Museum Novitates number 1603.

Recommended Citation

Byrum, S., E. R. Funk, C. H. Richart, and K. J. Burns (2017). Masked Flowerpiercer (Diglossa cyanea), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.