Mangrove Hummingbird Amazilia boucardi

  • Order: Caprimulgiformes
  • Family: Trochilidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: David Luther


Conservation Status

The IUCN status is Endangered. Cites II. Restricted-range species. The species is present in the South Central American Pacific Slope Endemic Bird Area. For the survival and recovery of this species suitable areas should be protected and existing reserves extended (IUCN 2007, Birdlife 2008). An ongoing study by Elizabeth Jones and Abraham Gallo has detected Mangrove Hummingbirds at mangroves, including those at the Río Sierpe (protected within the Humedal Nacional Térraba-Sierpe reserve), Rincón (within the Reserva Forestal Golfo Dulce), Río Esquinas (partially protected within the Parque Nacional Piedras Blancas), Río Coto, and near Sandolo (D. J. Lebbin, personal communication).

Effects of human activity on populations

The destruction of mangrove forest by both direct and indirect habitat alteration has caused recent declines in this species. Direct mangrove destruction stems from the establishment of salt and shrimp ponds and from illegal logging for charcoal. The cutting of mangroves is illegal in Costa Rica but this law is widely ignored. Indirect destruction is from road construction, which affects hydrology and pollution. Pollution is most notable around the Golfo de Nicoya port of Punta Arenas. The entire Pacific coast of Costa Rica is under heavy development pressure, which could have negative effects on mangrove forests (Birdlife 2008).

Recommended Citation

Luther, D. (2009). Mangrove Hummingbird (Amazilia boucardi), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.