A large portion of the austral temperate forest (dominated by Nothofagus spp) is included in several national parks in Chile and Argentina. However, most of these protected areas lack management plans or have old plans that need to be updated (Ojeda 2009). Few to no guidelines exist for the management of Magellanic Woodpecker populations in timber producing forests. Research is needed to prepare a fresh perspective on the conservation of Magellanic Woodpecker populations. Due to the dependence of this woodpecker on certain key elements of the forest, such as old and decayed trees for cavity construction, and the wide territory expanses, it is important to generate detailed information about habitat requirements and behavioral ecology, in several parts of the species’ range, to ensure the species' preservation.