The Long-tailed Ground-Dove is a small, brown-backed dove of open habitats and unclear taxonomic affinities. It occurs in the pampas and cerrado regions of central Brazil and eastern Bolivia as well as around the mouth of the Amazon River in northern Brazil. It feeds for seeds on the ground in savanna and grassland, often near woodland edges. This species is brown above, with a gray crown, pink neck and breast, purplish-black spots on the secondaries and wing coverts, and white tail corners. The Long-tailed Ground-Dove resembles Columbina ground-doves, but is longer-tailed and has yellow tarsi.