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Lesser Violetear Colibri cyanotus

  • Order: Caprimulgiformes
  • Family: Trochilidae
  • Polytypic: 3 subspecies
  • Authors: Mo Hobbs and Thomas S. Schulenberg
Sections

References

Barrantes, G. , C. Sánchez, B. Hilje, and R. Jaffé. 2008. Male song variation of Green Violetear (Colibri thalassinus) in the Talamanca Mountain Range, Costa Rica. Wilson Bulletin 120: 519-524.

BirdLife International. 2011. Species factsheet: Green Violet-ear Colibri thalassinus. Downloaded from BirdLife International.

Bourcier, J. 1843. Oiseaux-mouches nouveaux. Revue Zoologique [1843] 99-104.

Chesser, R.T., K.J. Burns, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. 2016. Fifty-seventh supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American birds. Auk 133: 544-560.

Colwell, R. K., B. J. Betts, P. Bunnell, F. L. Carpenter, and P. Feinsinger. 1974. Competition for the nectar of Centropogon valerii by the hummingbird Colibri thalassinus and the flower-piercer Diglossa plumbea, and its evolutionary implications. Condor 76: 447-452.

del Hoyo, J., A. Elliot, and J. Sargatal. 2002. Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 5. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Dickey, D. R., and A. J. van Rossem. 1938. The birds of El Salvador. Field Museum of Natural History Zoological Series volume 23.

Feinsinger, P. 1974. Notes on the hummingbirds of Monteverde, Cordillera de Tilarán, Costa Rica. Wilson Bulletin 89: 159-165.

Feinsinger, P. 1976. Organization of a tropical guild of nectarivorous birds. Ecological Monographs 46: 257–291.

Gaunt, S. L. L., L. F. Baptista, J. E. Sánchez, and D. Hernandez. 1994. Song learning as evidenced from song sharing in two hummingbird species (C. coruscans and C. thalassinus). Auk 111: 87-103.

Heine, F. 1863. Trochilidica. Journal für Ornithologie 11: 173-217.

Hilty, S. L. 2003. Birds of Venezuela. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Hilty, S. L., and W. L. Brown. 1986. A guide to the birds of Colombia. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Meyer de Schauensee, R. 1949. The birds of the Republic of Colombia. Segunda entrada. Caldasia 5: 381-644.

Remsen, J. V., Jr., F. G. Stiles, and P. E. Scott. 1986. Frequency of arthropods in stomachs of tropical hummingbirds. Auk 103: 436-441.

Remsen, J.V., Jr., F.G. Stiles, and J.A. McGuire. 2015. Classification of the Polytminae (Aves: Trochilidae). Zootaxa 3957: 143-150.

Ridgely, R. S., and P. J. Greenfield. 2001. The birds of Ecuador: status, distribution, and taxonomy. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.

Ridgway, R. 1911. The birds of North and Middle America. Part V. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 50, part 5.

Schuchmann, K.-L. 1999. Family Trochilidae, hummingbirds. Pages 468-680 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and J. Sargatal (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 5. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Schulenberg, T. S., D. F. Stotz, D. F. Lane, J. P. O’Neill, and T. A. Parker III. 2010. Birds of Peru. Revised and updated edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Skutch, A. F. 1967. Life histories of Central American highland birds. Publications of the Nuttall Ornithological Club number 7. Nuttall Ornithological Club, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Stiles, F. G., and A. F. Skutch. 1989. A guide to the birds of Costa Rica. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.

Todd, W. E. C. 1942. List of the hummingbirds in the collection of the Carnegie Museum. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 29: 271-370.

Weske, J. S. 1972. The distribution of the avifauna in the Apurimac Valley of Peru with respect to environmental gradients, habitat, and related species. Ph.D. thesis, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma.

Wetmore, A. 1968. The birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 2. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections volume 150, part 2.

Zimmer, J. T. 1950. Studies of Peruvian birds. No. 57. The genera Colibri, Anthracothorax, Klais, Lophornis, and Chlorestes. American Museum Novitates number 1463.

Recommended Citation

Hobbs, M. and T. S. Schulenberg (2017). Lesser Violetear (Colibri cyanotus), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/nb.lesvio1.01