The Lesser Antillean Saltator is most closely related to the Streaked Saltator (Saltator striatipectus) and was until recently considered conspecific with it. Like the Streaked, the Lesser Antillean Saltator has streaking on the breast. It is more obscurely streaked than its relative, and also has a black bill with a reddish tip. The upperparts are olive-green, the head slightly more grayish, with a short whitish supercilium. Molecular data not only helped to resolve this issue, but also that saltators are in fact large billed tanagers, and not in the Cardinal-Grosbeak (Cardinalidae) family. The Lesser Antillean Saltator is found throughout the Lesser Antilles from Barbuda in the north to St. Lucia in the south. It is found particularly in dry forest and lower elevation scrub rather than in the humid highlands. The abundance of the Lesser Antillean Saltator varies from island to island but it can be particularly common in dry forests of Dominica. It is partial to fruit and tends to forage in the trees, not on the ground. It has a sweet and resonating whistled song.