Keel-billed Toucan Ramphastos sulfuratus

  • Order: Piciformes
  • Family: Ramphastidae
  • Polytypic: 2 subspecies
  • Authors: Revee Jones and Carole S. Griffiths


Conservation Status

Although numbers might be declining, the IUCN Red List status of the Keel-billed Toucan is assessed as Least Concern because of the large population size and large range (BirdLife International 2011).

Effects of human activity on populations

Populations are in decline because of habitat loss, and from being hunted and taken as pets (Short and Horne 2002).

On the other hand, the elevational ranges are being extended upwards in response to climate change (Pounds et al. 1999).

Recommended Citation

Jones, R. and C. S. Griffiths (2011). Keel-billed Toucan (Ramphastos sulfuratus), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.