Described as recently as 1989, and also sometimes known as the White-cheeked Parrot, this Brazilian endemic’s English name celebrates the important role of the aviculturist Nelson Kawall in determining its specific status. Strange parrots, usually concluded to be just aberrant specimens of Mealy Parrot (Amazona farinosa), had been known since the very early 1900s, but it was not until the mid-1980s that sufficient evidence could be gathered to definitively describe the new species, although even then, some doubts as to its status were subsequently expressed. However, with time, knowledge, and increasing fieldwork, we now know Kawall’s Parrot to be found across quite large swathes of southern Amazonia. It is most easily identified from the widely sympatric Mealy Parrot by its distinctive voice, but given good views in flight or when perched, the red patches on the tail sides, narrower pale terminal tail-band, white skin at the base of the bill, lack of white around the eye, and lack of red in the forewing should all identify the Kawall’s Parrot. The species appears to be principally but perhaps not exclusively reliant on seasonally flooded forests and other transitional woodland.