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Jocotoco Antpitta Grallaria ridgelyi

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Grallariidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Harold F. Greeney

Sounds and Vocal Behavior


The song of Jocotoco Antpitta is a slow series of 6-10 (or more) identical notes produced at 0.5-0.6 kHz, and delivered at 1-2 second intervals (Krabbe and Schulenberg 2003). The aforementioned authors suggest that the song of Jocotoco Antpitta is reminiscent of a dog, but my own description would perhaps be more like the distant moo of a cow.

For a representative audio recording with sonogram, see audio

The call is a similarly low, but much softer two-noted ho-co. In alarm both sexes give a similar call, but louder in volume and the second part may be more emphatic and almost double-noted, sometimes ending in a harsh churr and described as a hoó-krrr or a staccato hoó-có-kurr (Krabbe et al. 1999, Heinz 2002, Ridgely and Tudor 2009). These calls are the inspiration for the species’ common name, which is the local onomatopoeic rendition of this jóco-tó-cuorrr. Juveniles make what is apparently a contact call while foraging near adults, as suggested by Heinz (2002). It is described as a slightly drawn-out, single woooo note, easily imitated with a whistle, which is similar in quality to a single note of the common song of Ferruginous Pygmy-owl (Glaucidium brasilianum) (Greeney and Gelis 2005).

Additional audio recordings of vocalizations of Jocotoco Antpitta can be heard at Macaulay Library, at xeno-canto, and at Internet Bird Collection.

Nonvocal Sounds

Agitated adults, while bobbing their heads and running back and forth, make a whooshing sound or subdued clap as they simultaneously flick their wings (personal observations).

Recommended Citation

Greeney, H. F. (2013). Jocotoco Antpitta (Grallaria ridgelyi), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.