Distribution in the Americas
Jocotoco Antpitta is confined to a very small portion of the eastern Andes in extreme southeastern Ecuador and extreme northeastern Peru (Krabbe and Schulenberg 2003, Heinz et al. 2005, O’Neill 2006, Freile et al. 2010). Within this range it inhabits elevations of 2300 to 2650 m (Ridgely and Tudor 2009).
Distribution outside the Americas
Confined to the Americas.
Jocotoco Antpitta lives on steep, humid slopes, densely covered with epiphyte-laden trees. It favors areas where the 10-25 m canopy is broken by dense areas of Chusquea bamboo, but is perhaps found less closely associated with the bamboo than its similarly large sympatric congener, Chestnut-naped Antpitta (Grallaria nuchalis). Indeed, these two species do seem to segregate within the habitat mosaic in this fashion, as Chestnut-naped Antpitta nests within the bamboo (Juiña et al. 2009), while Jocotoco Antpitta appears to prefer mossier areas with a more intact canopy (Greeney and Juiña 2010). The habitat on these steep mountain slopes is, however, extremely complex and variable due to the frequent landslides which create areas of habitat regrowth of varying ages, and elucidating the microhabitat segregation of these two species undoubtedly will prove very challenging.