Jamaican Pauraque Siphonorhis americana

  • Order: Caprimulgiformes
  • Family: Caprimulgidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Andrew Dreelin


Geographic Variation

Siphonorhis americana is monotypic (Cleere 1998).

Related Species

Described as Caprimulgus americanus Linnaeus 1758; type locality "America Calidiore" = Jamaica

The genus Siphonorhis is endemic to the West Indies; the only other known species are Least Pauraque (S. brewsteri) of Hispaniola, and the extinct Cuban Poorwill (S. daiquiri), which is known solely from fossils from the Quaternary (probably Holocene) (Olson 1985). Siphonorhis americanus previously was classified by some authorities as a polytypic species that also included brewsteri (e.g. Peters 1940).

Phylogenetic analyis of DNA sequence data (from both mitochondrial and nuclear genes) identifies three clades among New World caprimulgids: a nighthawk clade (Chordeiles, including Podager); a nightjar clade (Siphonorhis, Phalaenoptilus, Nyctiphrynus, and Anstrotomus); and a clade composed both of nighthawks and of nightjars (Nyctiprogne, Nyctipolus, Systellura, Nyctidromus, Eleothreptus, Uropsalis, Setopagis, Hydropsalis, and, presumably, Macropsalis) (Han et al. 2010). Siphonorhis is basal to the clade to which it belongs (Han et al. 2010).

Recommended Citation

Dreelin, A. (2014). Jamaican Pauraque (Siphonorhis americana), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/nb.jampau.01