The James’s or Puna Flamingo is one of the two flamingos in the genus Phenicoparrus. They are separated from the rest of the flamingos due to their deep lower mandible, and very long filtering filaments on the maxilla. The James’s Flamingo is the smallest of the three flamingos of the Andes. The James’s Flamingo has pink legs and a small black slash on the rear end, and a very restricted black tip to the yellowish bill. It breeds in a few large colonies in Bolivia and Chile, the largest of which, Laguna Colorada in Bolivia is estimated to hold over 40 thousand birds. Breeding and non-breeding habitats are high Andean alkaline lakes in Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina, most above 3000m in elevation although some venture to the lowlands of the Argentine Chaco, spending time at Laguna Mar Chiquita in Cordoba. The population was estimated in 2005 to be approximately 100,000 birds; unlike the Andean Flamingo (Phoenicoparrus andinus) this species has been on a gradual population increase and it is listed as Near Threatened by the IUCN. Although more numerous worldwide than the Andean Flamingo, it is the most difficult to find in the field as it has a more restricted range and gathers in a smaller number of highlands sites.