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Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus

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The summary below is an overview from The Birds of North America Online.

BNA Account Authors: Dugger, B. D., K. M. Dugger, and L. H. Fredrickson

The Hooded Merganser is the smallest of three North American mergansers and the only one restricted to this continent. Breeding throughout a wide area in the forested east and northwest -- where suitable nest cavities enhance adequate brood habitat -- it is most common in the Great Lakes region. Favorite winter habitats include forested freshwater wetlands, brackish estuaries, and tidal creeks. Unlike other mergansers which feed almost exclusively on fish, Hooded Mergansers have a more diverse diet, diving and capturing small fish, aquatic insects, and crustaceans, particularly crayfish, with the aid of eyes well-adapted to underwater vision.

Taxonomically intermediate between goldeneyes (Bucephala sp.) and mergansers in the genus Mergus, the Hooded Merganser shares many courtship behaviors and vocalizations with these species. Female Hoodeds first breed at two years of age and lay unusual, almost spherically-shaped eggs with disproportionately thick shells. Like other waterfowl that nest in holes, this species commonly lays its eggs in the nests of conspecifics and other cavity-nesting ducks.

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Male display calls

© Oliver H Hewitt

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  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-breeding

Recommended Citation

Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: https://neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/Species-Account/nb/species/hoomer