Many aspects of the natural history of Hoffmann’s Woodpecker are poorly known. First, it is necessary to study the breeding success, taking into account differences between habitats, effect of parasitic flies, chicks developing, and parental care contribution. Second, it is necessary to study the demography of the species, including studies of territory size. Third, it is necessary to study closely the relationship between this species and Golden-fronted Woodpecker (Melanerpes aurifrons) and Red-crowned Woodpecker (Melanerpes rubricapillus), with both of which Hoffmann's Woodpecker reportedly hybridizes. Fourth, it is necessary to study the role of vocal and visual communication in this species, because they are very vocal throughout the year and also conduct several visual displays associated with the vocal signals. Finally, it is necessary to study the effect of habitat change in the distribution and abundance of Hoffmann's Woodpecker.