Confined to the island of Hispaniola and several of its satellites, the Hispaniolan Lizard-Cuckoo is one of four species often placed in the genus Saurothera, all of which occur in the northern West Indies. This lizard-cuckoo is widespread across virtually the entire island, being found in all types of woodland, including gardens and plantations, and reaching as high as 2200 m. However, significant local population declines have been noted in some areas, especially in the west of the island, in parts of Haiti. Observers’ attention is usually first drawn to the species by its distinctive, harsh, somewhat staccato vocalizations, given as this large bird moves slowly and deliberately through the midstory or canopy. The long, white-tipped tail, reddish-brown wing patch, and prominently-hooked bill are particularly noticeable field characters. The Hispaniolan Lizard-Cuckoo’s diet principally consists of lizards and large insects, which are chased clumsily through the branches. Its nest is an untidy structure, usually well hidden, and the species breeds in March–June.