Helmeted Woodpecker Celeus galeatus

  • Order: Piciformes
  • Family: Picidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Martjan Lammertink, Kristina L. Cockle, Alejandro Bodrati, and Raphael E. F. Santos


Conservation Status

Helmeted Woodpecker is classified as globally Vulnerable (BirdLife International 2011). The IUCN criteria for its Vulnerable status include an estimated decline rate of >30% in the past and future three generations, and a global population size under 10,000 mature individuals with all subpopulations under 1,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2011). If future, more precise population estimates would show the global population to be under 2,500 mature individuals (that is at the lower end of our current estimated range of 400 to 8,900 individuals) it would be reclassified as Endangered. Listed as Endangered in Argentina (Aves Argentinas y SAyDS 2008), Endangered in Paraguay (SEAM 2010), and as Vulnerable in Brazil (MMA 2003).

Effects of human activity on populations

Helmeted Woodpecker numbers have sharply declined and continue to decline as a consequence of clearing of its Atlantic Forest habitat for agriculture, tree plantations, and urban areas; the logging of old native forest; and in some areas, the creation of artificial lakes (Collar et al. 1992, Santos 2009). Not known to be hunted. Not held in captivity. Persistent playback may have contributed to the abandonment of several heavily birded territories (M. Castelino and D. Somay pers. comm.).

Recommended Citation

Lammertink, M., K. L. Cockle, A. Bodrati, and R. E. F. Santos (2012). Helmeted Woodpecker (Celeus galeatus), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/nb.helwoo1.01