Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja

  • Order: Accipitriformes
  • Family: Accipitridae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Thomas S. Schulenberg


The references listed below are cited in this account. For a more complete list of literature references for this species, consult the Harpy Eagle pages on the Global Raptor Information Network.

Alvarez del Toro, M. 1971. Las aves de Chiapas. Gobierno del Estado de Chiapas, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas.

Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 178:369-636.

Bierregaard, R. O. 1994. Harpy Eagle. Page 191 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott,
and J. Sargatal (editors). Handbook of birds of the world. Volume 2. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Binford, L. C. 1989. A distributional survey of the birds of the Mexican state of Oaxaca. Ornithological Monographs 43:1-418.

Bond, J. 1927. Nesting of the Harpy Eagle (Thrasaetus harpyia). Auk 44:562-563.

Brodkorb, P. 1943. Birds from the Gulf lowlands of southern Mexico. Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 55:26-27.

Brown, L. H., and D. Amadon. 1968. Eagles, hawks, and falcons of the world. Country Life Books, London.

Campbell-Thompson, E., F.H. Vargas, R.T. Watson, A. Muela, and N.C. Cáceres. 2012. Effect of sex and age at release on the independence of hacked Harpy Eagles. Journal of Raptor Research 46: 158-167.

Chébez, C., M. Silva, A. Serret, and A. Taborda. 1990. La nidificación de la Harpia (Harpia harpyja) en Argentina. Hornero 13:155-158

Dabbene, R. 1910. Ornitología Argentina. Catálogo sistemático y descriptivo de las aves de la República Argentina. Anales del Museo Nacional de Buenos Aires 16: 1-513.

De Lucca, E. R. 1996. Observaciones de un nido exitoso de Harpia (Harpia harpyja) en Argentina. Hornero 14 (3): 70-72.

Eason, P. 1989. Harpy Eagle attempts predation on adult Howler Monkey. Condor 91: 469-470.

Escalante-Pliego, P., and A. T. Peterson. 1993. Records of the Harpy Eagle (Harpia harpyja) in Oaxaca, Mexico. Euphonia 2: 95-96.

Fowler, J. M., and J. B. Cope. 1964. Notes on the Harpy Eagle in British Guiana. Auk 81: 257-273.

Giudice, R., R. Piana, and M. Williams. 2007. Tree architecture as a determinant factor in nest-tree selection by Harpy Eagles. Pp. 14-22 in in K. L Bildstein, D. R. Barber, and A. Zimmerman (editors), Neotropical raptors. Hawk Mountain Sanctuary, Orwigsburg, PA.

Haring, E, K. Kvaløy, J.-O. Gjershaug, N. Røv, and A. Gamauf. 2007. Convergent evolution and paraphyly of the hawk-eagles of the genus Spizaetus (Aves, Accipitridae) – phylogenetic analyses based on mitochondrial markers. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research45: 353-365.

Haverschmidt, F. 1968. Birds of Surinam, 1st ed. Oliver and Boyd, London.

Hennessey, B., S. K. Herzog, and F. Sagot. 2003. Lista anotada de las aves de Bolivia. Asociación Armonia, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia.

Hilty, S. L. 2003. Birds of Venezuela. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Hilty, S. L., and W. L. Brown. 1986. A guide to the birds of Colombia. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Howell, S. N. G., and S. Webb. 1995. A guide to the birds of Mexico and northern Central America. Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Izor, R. J. 1985. Sloths and other mammalian prey of the Harpy Eagle. Pages 343-346 in G. G. Montgomery (editor), The evolution and ecology of armadillos, sloths, and vermilinguas. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

Lowery, G. H., Jr., and W. W. Dalquest. 1951. Birds from the state of Veracruz. University of Kansas Publications, Museum of Natural History 3: 531-649.

Muñiz-López, R., O. Criollo, and A. Mendúa. 2007. Results of five years of the "Harpy Eagle (Harpia harpyja) Research Program" in the Ecuadorian tropical forest. Pp. 23-32 in in K. L Bildstein, D. R. Barber, and A. Zimmerman (editors), Neotropical raptors. Hawk Mountain Sanctuary, Orwigsburg, PA.

Peres, C. A. 1990. A Harpy Eagle successfully captures an adult male Red Howler Monkey. Wilson Bulletin 102: 560-561.

Peterson, A.T., A. G. Navarro-Sigüenza, B. E. Hernández-Baños, G. Escalona-Segura, F. Rebón-Gallardo, E. Rodríguez-Ayala, E. M. Figueroa-Esquivel, and L. Cabrera-García. 2003. The Chimalapas region, Oaxaca, Mexico: a high-priority region for bird conservation in Mesoamerica. Bird Conservation International 13: 227-253.

Piana, R.P. 2007. Anidamiento y dieta de Harpia harpyja Linnaeus en la Comundidad Nativa de Infierno, Madre de Dios, Perú. Revista de Peruana Biología 14: 135-138.

Rettig, N. 1978. Breeding behavior of the Harpy Eagle (Harpia harpyja). Auk 95: 629-643.

Ridgely, R. S., and P. J. Greenfield. 2001. The birds of Ecuador: status, distribution, and taxonomy. Comstock Publishing Associates, Ithaca, New York.

Ridgely, R. S., and J. A. Gwynne, Jr. 1989. A guide to the birds of Panama with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Honduras. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia Brasileira. Second edition. Editora Nova Fronteira, Rio de Janeiro.

Stiles, F. G., and A. F. Skutch. 1989. A guide to the birds of Costa Rica. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.

Thiollay, J.-M. 1984. Raptor community structure of a primary rain forest in French Guiana and the effect of human hunting pressure. Raptor Research 18: 117-122.

Tostain, O., J.-L. Dujardin, C. Érard, and J.-M. Thiollay. 1992. Oiseaux de Guyane. Sociéte de'Etudes Ornithologiques, Brunoy, France.

Touchton, J. M., Y.-C. Hsu, and A. Palleroni. 2002. Foraging ecology of reintroduced captive-bred subadult Harpy Eagles (Harpia harpyja) on Barro Colorado Island, Panama. Ornitologia Neotropical 13: 365-379.

Trinca, C. T., S. F. Farrari, and A. C. Lees. 2008. Curiosity killed the bird: arbitrary hunting of Harpy Eagles Harpia harpyja on an agricultural frontier in southern Brazilian Amazonia. Cotinga 30: 12-15.

Vargas G., J. d. J., D. Whitacre, R. Mosquera, J. Albuquerque, R. Piana, J.-M. Thiollay, C. Márquez, J.E. Sánchez, M. Lezama-López, S. Midence, S. Matola, S. Aguilar, N. Rettig, and T. Sanaiotti. 2006. Estado y distribución actual del Águila Arpía (Harpia harpyja) en el Centro y Sur América. Ornitologia Neotropical 17: 39-55.

Recommended Citation

Schulenberg, T. S. (2009). Harpy Eagle (Harpia harpyja), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.