Greater Yellow-headed Vulture feeds on carrion, including mammals, birds, and fish. Unlike syntopic Black (Coragyps atratus) and King (Sacroramphus papa) vultures, Greater Yellow-headed Vulture consumes carcasses smaller than 5 kg (Gomez et al, 1994); Graves (1992) flushed one Greater Yellow-headed Vulture from the carcass of a tree rat (Echimys chrysurus), a species with a mass of ca 400-900 g. The diet has not been described in much detail, and probably is quite varied; identified or presumed food items are sloths, monkeys, opossums, birds, and fish (Houston 1985, Hero et al. 1994, Houston 1994a, Robinson 1994), including carcasses of animals that apparently were shot but not recovered by hunters (Thiollay, in Hero et al. 1994), and even on carcasses of conspecifics (Thiollay 2007). Greater Yellow-headed Vulture also forages on roadkill, including carcasses of snakes, armadillos, dogs, foxes, and cattle (Marín et al. 1992, Olmos et al. 2006). It likely accounts for the greatest amount of carrion consumed by scavengers in its range (Gomez et al., 1994).