Notice for readers: On March 31, Neotropical Birds will be integrated into the new Birds of the World, a powerful research database offering species accounts for every species on earth. Learn more at While Birds of the World is a subscription service, we remain committed to offering this content to Neotropical Birds contributors and to those unable to pay for it through our scholarship program. Stay tuned.

Guayaquil Woodpecker Campephilus gayaquilensis

  • © Joel Rosenthal

The Guayaquil Woodpecker is declining and is currently classified as “near threatened.” Extensive deforestation for agriculture combined with heavy understory grazing is lessening the amount of suitable habitat available for these resident birds. Guayaquil Woodpeckers inhabit humid and dry forests, tall second growth, and mangroves where pairs or small groups often forage together on tree trunks; little is known about their actual diet. The brownish black upperparts of this woodpecker help distinguish it from the Crimson-crested Woodpecker (Campephilus melanoleucos) in areas of overlap.

Help complete this species

There are many ways to contribute—we need species information, photographs, audio, video, translations, maps, distribution data, and bird sightings. There's a role for everyone!

Learn more


© Arnoud van den Berg

  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding

Recommended Citation

Guayaquil Woodpecker (Campephilus gayaquilensis), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: