Great Rufous Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes major

  • © Adrian Eisen Rupp

The Great Rufous Woodcreeper is a giant among woodcreepers; it is not only large and big bodied but has a thick and stout bill. This denizen of Chaco forest is well named as it is big and rufous. Many other woodcreepers have a predominance of rufous coloration, but the Great Rufous is evenly rufous with little to no markings on that rufous plumage. It lacks strong streaking, barring or spotting as is typical in this family. The throat is whitish; the eyes reddish, and the bill a pale blue-grey. However a most striking feature is that the lores are entirely black, creating a black-masked look that is distinctive, and contrasts with the pale blue-grey bill. Vocally this is a loud woodcreeper but it does not vocalize all that often, but has a vocalization similar to that of the other large Xiphocolaptes woodcreepers. It is a slowing, lilting series of awkward sounding notes “yakaa….yakaa….yakaa….. yakaa…..yakaa…

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© Peter Hosner

  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding

Recommended Citation

Great Rufous Woodcreeper (Xiphocolaptes major), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: