Gray-headed Tanager Eucometis penicillata

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Thraupidae
  • Polytypic: 7 subspecies
  • Authors: Carly S. Baker and Kevin J. Burns


BirdLife International. 2010. Species factsheet: Eucometis pencillata. Downloaded from BirdLife International on 28 April 2010.

Boinski, S., and P. E. Scott. 1988. Association of birds with monkeys in Costa Rica. Biotropica 20: 13-143.

Burns, K. J., and R. A. Racicot. 2009. Molecular phylogenetics of a clade of lowland tanagers: implications for avian participation in the Great American Interchange. Auk 126: 635-648.

Clark, H. J. 1913. Notes on the Panama Thrush-Warbler. Auk 30: 11-15.

Hilty, S. L. 2003. Birds of Venezuela. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Hilty, S. L., and W. L. Brown. 1986. Birds of Colombia. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Howell, S. N. G., and Webb, S. 1995. A guide to the birds of Mexico and northern Central America. Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Isler, M. L., and P. R. Isler. 1999. The tanagers: natural history, distribution, and identification. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

Luck, G. W., and G. C. Daily. 2003. Tropical countryside bird assemblages: richness, composition, foraging differ by landscape context. Ecological Applications 13: 235-247.

Oniki, Y. 1971. Wandering interspecific flocks in relation to ant-following birds at Belem, Brazil. Condor 73: 372-374.

Oniki, Y. 1972. Some temperatures of Panamanian birds. Condor 74: 209-215.

Restall, R., C. Rodner, and M. Lentino. 2007. Birds of northern South America: an Identification Guide Volume I, II. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.

Ridgely, R. S., and G. Tudor. 1989. Birds of South America. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas.

Ridgway, R. 1902. The Birds of North and Middle America. Part II. United States National Museum Bulletin 50, part 2.

Roberts, D. J., R. J. Cooper, and L. J. Petit. Flock characteristics of ant-following birds in premontane moist forest and coffee agroecosystems. Ecological Applications 10: 1414-1425.

Roberts, D.L. 2016. Two species of tanagers (Passeriformes: Thraupidae) forage on army ant workers (Eciton burchellii) carrying immature paper wasps. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 128: 653-656.

Schulenberg, T. S., D. F. Stotz, and L. Rico. 2006. Distribution maps of the birds of Peru, version 1.0. Environment, Culture, and Conservation, The Field Museum.

Schulenberg, T. S., D. F. Stotz, D. F. Lane, J.P. O’Neill, and T.A. Parker III. 2007. Birds of Peru. Princeton University Press, New Jersey, New Jersey.

Sick, H. 1993. Birds in Brazil. A natural history. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Skutch, A. 1954. Life histories of Central American birds. Pacific Coast Avifauna number 31.

Skutch, A. F. 1989. Life of the tanager. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.

Slud, P. 1964. The birds of Costa Rica: distribution and ecology. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 128.

Storer, R. W. 1970. Subfamily Thraupinae, Tanagers. Pages 246-408 in R. A. Paynter, Jr., and R. W. Storer (editors), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume XIII. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Stotz, D. F., J. W. Fitzpatrick, T. A. Parker, III, and D. K. Moskovits. 1996. Neotropical birds: ecology and conservation. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Swartz, M. B. 2001. Bivouac checking, a novel behavior distinguishing obligate from opportunistic species of army-ant-following birds. Condor 103: 629-633.

Wetmore, A., R. F. Pasquier, and S. L. Olson. 1984. The birds of the Republic of Panamá. Part 4. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections volume 150, part 4.

Willis, E. O. 1985. Behavior and systematic status of gray-headed tanagers (Trichothraupis penicillata, Emberizidae). Naturalia (São Paulo) 10: 113-145.

Recommended Citation

Baker, C. S. and K. J. Burns (2010). Gray-headed Tanager (Eucometis penicillata), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.