Gray-crowned Woodpecker Colaptes auricularis

  • Order: Piciformes
  • Family: Picidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Cara Thompson and C. J. Beardmore


  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Gray-crowned Woodpecker
eBird range map for Gray-crowned Woodpecker

Generated from eBird observations (Year-Round, 1900-present)

Distribution in the Americas

Gray-crowned Woodpecker is a resident endemic to the Pacific slope of western Mexico from southern Sonora and Chihuahua to southern Oaxaca (Howell and Webb 1995). The range of Gray-crowned Woodpecker is approximately 203,000 km2 (BirdLife International 2014). The elevational range of this species is from near sea level up to 2400 m (Howell and Webb 1995).

Distribution outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas.


Gray-crowned woodpeckers inhabit humid and semihumid forest and forest edges (Howell and Webb 1995), locally also in pine-oak forests (Binford 1989, Howell and Webb 1995),

Historical changes

None reported.

Fossil history

None reported.

Recommended Citation

Thompson, C. and C. J. Beardmore (2014). Gray-crowned Woodpecker (Colaptes auricularis), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.