Notice for readers: On March 31, Neotropical Birds will be integrated into the new Birds of the World, a powerful research database offering species accounts for every species on earth. Learn more at birdsoftheworld.org. While Birds of the World is a subscription service, we remain committed to offering this content to Neotropical Birds contributors and to those unable to pay for it through our scholarship program. Stay tuned.

Gray Thrasher Toxostoma cinereum

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Mimidae
  • Polytypic: 2 subspecies
  • Authors: Carlos A. Soberanes-González, Claudia I. Rodríguez-Flores, Marîa del Coro Arizmendi, Guy M. Kirwan, and Thomas S. Schulenberg
Sections
  • © Claudia Jeannette Perez Estrada

Gray Thrasher is relatively common within its restricted distribution, on the Baja California Peninsula of western Mexico. This is a large, predominantly grayish brown thrasher, with a long, slightly decurved bill, and pale, blackish spotted underparts. Within its range identification should prove straightforward. As this species is not truly gray, however, some have suggested that the English name "Gray Thrasher" is misleading, and that "Baja California Thrasher" would be more appropriate. This species inhabits desert scrub, although they usually found in the most diverse, taller vegetation, and are found from sea level to as high, locally, as at least 1500 m. They feed largely on the ground, taking arthropods, cactus fruits, and perhaps other fruits too. The nest of Gray Thrasher is a platform of twigs, usually sited rather low above the ground in a cactus or thorny scrub.

Song

© L. Irby Davis

Enlarge
  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding

Recommended Citation

Soberanes-González, C. A., C. I. Rodríguez-Flores, M. d. C. Arizmendi, G. M. Kirwan, and T. S. Schulenberg (2015). Gray Thrasher (Toxostoma cinereum), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/nb.grathr1.01