Puerto Rican Oriole Icterus portoricensis

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Icteridae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Alcides L. Morales
  • © Gloria Archilla

Recently afforded species status from the other members of the former Greater Antillean Oriole superspecies, adult Puerto Rican Orioles are mainly black with a yellow shoulder patch, rump, and undertail coverts; their plumage broadly echoes that of the other members of the complex, but differs subtly in this respect, as well as in biometrics, behavior, and vocalizations. The Puerto Rican Oriole occurs in forests of all types across the island, as well as in gardens, mangroves, and other wooded areas. Its diet includes both insects and fruit, and the species has the capacity to prize open bromeliads and curled leaves, using the unusually strong muscles at the bill base, to search for prey within. Nest parasitism by Shiny Cowbirds (Molothrus bonariensis) threatens the Puerto Rican Oriole, as it does some of the other orioles of this complex.

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© Bob McGuire

  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding

Recommended Citation

Morales, A. L. Puerto Rican Oriole (Icterus portoricensis), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: https://neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/Species-Account/nb/species/graori4