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Golden-tailed Parrotlet Touit surdus

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Endemic to coastal eastern Brazil, this parrotlet is rare and poorly known, and in common with all other Touit is also very infrequently observed when perched; typical views involve singles or small groups flying high overhead, revealing their identity only via their species-specific vocalizations. Golden-tailed Parrotlet is largely bright grass green, with a yellowish area around the face and cheeks, a scaled appearance to the crown and neck, and the brownish scapulars form two bands across the back. The species’ tail is short and square, golden-yellow tipped black, with green central rectrices. The Golden-tailed Parrotlet occurs from Ceará discontinuously south to São Paulo, with its stronghold probably being the northeastern forests of Alagoas and Bahia. Seasonal movements may occur in some areas, but the species is probably usually resident in lowland and lower montane forest, as high as 1000 m in the south of its range. Nests have been reported in arboreal termitaria, but this parrotlet’s breeding biology is still very inadequately known. Extensive deforestation throughout its range, but especially in the far northeast, has left the species highly dependent on the Brazilian protected areas network, and the Golden-tailed Parrotlet is currently considered Vulnerable by BirdLife International.

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© Bret Whitney

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  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding

Recommended Citation

Golden-tailed Parrotlet (Touit surdus), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: https://neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/Species-Account/nb/species/gotpar2