Though the population trend is decreasing, they do not approach the range size, rate of decline, or population size thresholds for categorization as Vulnerable under the IUCN Red List and thus have been assigned to Least Concern (BirdLife International 2018). According to Parker et al. (2006) it has a conservation priority of ‘medium’ relative to other Neotropical birds. In Ecuador, given their limited distribution, relative rarity, and decreasing suitable habitat due to extensive and ongoing deforestation, it is considered Near-Threatened by some authors (e.g., Ridgely and Greenfield 2001, Hilty 2011).
Effects of human activity on populations
Parker et al. (1996) categorizes the Golden-chested Tanager as having a medium degree of sensitivity to human disturbance. They are denizens of heavily forested habitats, and are not known to used cleared areas (Haffer 1967, Mosquera et al. 2008). The population trend is decreasing (BirdLife International 2018). Deforestation threaten this and all species dependent on mesic foothills forests (Hilty 2011). Coca growing and other illicit activities hamper some conservation efforts (Hilty 2011). This species is known from the following protected areas, Colombia: Farallones de Cali National Park, Valle de Cauca, and El Pangan Bird Reserve (Hilty 2011), Reserva La Nutria, Reserva Nacionál Río Nambí, Reserva Nacionál Aguaclara (eBird 2018); Ecuador: Cotacachi-Cayapas Ecological Reserve (Jahn and Valenzuela 2006), Playa de Oro Reserva de Los Tigrillos (Brinkhuizen 2014), Reserva Rio Canande (eBird 2018).