Notice for readers: On March 31, Neotropical Birds will be integrated into the new Birds of the World, a powerful research database offering species accounts for every species on earth. Learn more at While Birds of the World is a subscription service, we remain committed to offering this content to Neotropical Birds contributors and to those unable to pay for it through our scholarship program. Stay tuned.

Golden-breasted Puffleg Eriocnemis mosquera

  • Order: Caprimulgiformes
  • Family: Trochilidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Thomas S. Schulenberg


  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Golden-breasted Puffleg
eBird range map for Golden-breasted Puffleg

Generated from eBird observations (Year-Round, 1900-present)

Distribution in the Americas

Golden-breasted Puffleg is resident in the Andes of Colombia and Ecuador. In Colombia it occurs in the Central Andes, north to Caldas, and in the Western Andes north only to Nariño (Meyer de Schauensee 1949, Hilty and Brown 1986). There also are trade skins labelled as from "Bogotá", but these probably originated from the Central Andes; there are confirmed localities in the Eastern Andes (Bleiweiss 1988). Golden-breasted Puffleg also occurs on both slopes of the Andes in Ecuador, south to Pichincha in western Ecuador, and south regularly to western Napo (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001a); there also are a few reports south to western Morona-Santiago (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001a).

The elevational range of Golden-breasted Puffleg in Colombia is 1200-3600 m, but it usually occurs above 2600 m (Hilty and Brown 1986); in Parque Nacional Puracé, the elevational distribution is "chiefly" 2900-3300 m (Hilty and Brown 1986). In Ecuador it occurs "mostly" from 3000-3600 m (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001a). Golden-breasted Puffleg may have seasonal elevational movements (Hilty and Brown 1986, Fjeldså and Krabbe 1990), but such movements are not yet documented.

Distribution outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas.


Golden-breasted Puffleg occupies elfin forest, forest borders, bushy clearings in stunted montane forest, and treeline shrub zones (Hilty and Brown 1986, Fjeldså and Krabbe 1990, Ridgely and Greenfield 2001a).

Historical changes

None reported.

Fossil history

None reported.

Recommended Citation

Schulenberg, T. S. (2013). Golden-breasted Puffleg (Eriocnemis mosquera), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.