Parker et al. (1996) list the research priority for Tangara argyrofenges as having medium priority compared to other Neotropical birds. This level of priority is due to the conservation status of T. argyrofenges, indicating more research would help inform conservation efforts. This species may benefit from research into the effectiveness of protecting IBAs (Important Birds Areas) and further research into the effects of deforestation (Bird et al. 2011). Unrelated to conservation, more research is needed to clarify the phylogenetic relationships among T. argyrofenges, T. phillipsi (Sira Tanager), and T. viridicollis (Silvery Tanager) (Burns and Naoki 2004, Burns et al. 2014). Information regarding courtship and breeding behavior for this species is currently unavailable.