The Gila Woodpecker is a noisy, aggressive species that is characteristic of arid habitats in a limited part of the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, being most abundant on the desert mesas of southern Arizona. It is characteristic of sparsely covered deserts containing large saguaro cacti (Carnegiea gigantea), but the bird's range extends farther north, east, and west than that of the saguaro.
The species is largely sedentary, with some movement to the north or to higher elevations in winter. While often closely associated with saguaros, the Gila Woodpecker also makes ready use of riparian woodlands and residential areas. It is an omnivore, eating flowers and fruits of saguaros and other cacti and plants, insects, other animals, and even bird eggs.
Help author an account about this species from a Neotropical perspective.