Stotz et al. (1996) identify the priority of the Giant Conebill for future research as medium. While recent work has done much to clarify previously unknown aspects of the biology of this species, especially reproductive behavior (Cahill and Matthysen 2007, Cahill 2008), more work needs to be done to describe the demography, and genetic structure of the disjunct populations. Further work could be done to study the breeding system of the Giant Conebill and determine the level of extra-pair copulations and the fidelity of paired mates. Recent discoveries in northern Chile and Argentina (Mazar Barnett et al. 1998, Jaramillo 2003) suggest that more surveys need to be conducted in presumably viable Polylepis forests where Giant Conebills are historically absent. Ecological niche modeling might be able to explain how these seeming similar tracts of Polylepis forest differ, or prioritize conservation efforts by preserving habitats most similar to where the near-threatened O. fraseri is currently found.