Notice for readers: On March 31, Neotropical Birds will be integrated into the new Birds of the World, a powerful research database offering species accounts for every species on earth. Learn more at While Birds of the World is a subscription service, we remain committed to offering this content to Neotropical Birds contributors and to those unable to pay for it through our scholarship program. Stay tuned.

Galapagos Rail Laterallus spilonota

  • Order: Gruiformes
  • Family: Rallidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Evan Hill


Bent, A. C. 1926. Life histories of North American marsh birds. United States National Museum Bulletin 135.

BirdLife International. 2012. Species factsheet: Galapagos Rail Laterallus spilonotus. Downloaded from BirdLife International on 13 December 2013.

Donlan, C.J., K. Campbell, W. Cabrera, C. Lavoie, V. Carrion, and F. Cruz. 2007. Recovery of the Galápagos rail (Laterallus spilonotus) following the removal of invasive mammals. Biological Conservation 138: 520–524. <>. Accessed 14 Oct 2013.

Eddleman, W.R., R.E. Flores and M. Legare. 1994. Black Rail (Laterallus jamaicensis), in A. Poole (editor), The Birds of North America Online. Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York.

Fjeldså, J. 1983. A Black Rail from Junín, central Peru: Laterallus jamaicensis tuerosi ssp. n. (Aves, Rallidae). Steenstrupia 8: 277-282.

Franklin, A.B., D.A .Clark, and D.B. Clark. 1979. Ecology and behavior of the Galapagos Rail. Wilson Bulletin 91: 202–221.

Gibbs, J., W. Shriver, and H. Vargas. 2003. An assessment of a Galapagos Rail population over thirteen years (1986 to 2000). Journal of Field Ornithology 74: 136–140. <>.

Gifford, E.W. 1913. Expedition of the California Academy of Sciences to the Galapagos Islands, 1905-1906. VIII: The birds of the Galapagos Islands, with observations on the birds of Cocos and Clipperton Islands (Columbiformes to Pelecaniformes). Proceedings of the California Academy of Science (series 4) 2: 1-132.

Gould, J. 1841. The zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle, under the command of Captain Fitzroy, R.N., during the years 1832-1836. Part III. Birds. Smith, Elder and Co., London.

Harris, M. P. 1982. A field guide to the birds of Galápagos. Collins, London.

Rothschild, W. and E. Hartert. 1899. A review of the ornithology of the Galapagos Islands. Novitates Zoologicae 6: 85-2055.

Ridgway, R., and H. Friedmann. 1946. The birds of North and Middle America. Part X. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 50, part 10.

Rosenberg, D. 1990. The impact of introduced herbivores on the Galapagos Rail (Laterallus spilonotus). Monographs in Systematic Botany from Missouri Botanical Garden < rail 1990.PDF>.

Salvin, O. 1876. On the avifauna of the Galapagos Archipelago. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 9: 447-510.

Shriver, W.G., J.P. Gibbs, H.W. Woltz, N.P. Schwarz, and M.A. Pepper. 2011. Galápagos Rail Laterallus spilonotus population change associated with habitat invasion by the Red-barked Quinine Tree Cinchona pubescens. Bird Conservation International 21: 221-227.

Snodgrass, R.E., and E. Heller. 1904. Papers from the Hopkins-Stanford Galapagos Expedition, 1898-1899. XVI: Birds. Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Science 5: 231-372.

Taylor, B. 1998. Rails. A guide to the rails, crakes, gallinules and coots of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut, and London.

Weber, D. 1971. Pinta, Galapagos: une ile 'a sauver. Biological Conservation 4: 8-12.

Recommended Citation

Hill, E. (2013). Galapagos Rail (Laterallus spilonota), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.