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Green-and-gold Tanager Tangara schrankii

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Thraupidae
  • Polytypic: 3 subspecies
  • Authors: Galo Buitrón
Sections

References

BirdLife International. 2009. Species factsheet: Green-and-gold Tanager Tangara schrankii. Downloaded from BirdLife International.

Burns, K. J., and K. Naoki. 2004. Molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of Neotropical tanagers in the genus Tangara. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 32 838-854. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2004.02.013

Burns, K.J., A.J. Shultz, P.O. Title, N.A. Mason, F.K. Barker, J. Klicka, S.M. Lanyon, and I.J. Lovette. 2014. Phylogenetics and diversification of tanagers (Passeriformes: Thraupidae), the largest radiation of Neotropical songbirds. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 75: 41-77. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2014.02.006

Dickinson, E.C., and L. Christidis (editors). 2014. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Fourth edition. Volume 2. Passerines. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

English, P. 1998. Ecology of mixed-species understory flocks in Amazonian Ecuador. Ph. D. Thesis. University of Texas, Austin.

Gorchov, D. L., F. Cornejo, C. Ascorra, and M. Jaramillo. 1995. Dietary overlap between birds and bats in the Peruvian Amazon. Oikos 74: 235-250. https://doi.org/10.2307/3545653

Haffer, J. 1975. Avifauna of northwestern South America. Bonner Zoologische Monographien number 7. Zoologisches Forschungsinstitut und Museum Alexander Koenig, Bonn.

Hellmayr, C. E. 1936. Catalogue of birds of the Americas. Part IX. Field Museum of Natural History Zoological Series volume 13, part 9.

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Hilty, S. L. 2003. Birds of Venezuela. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Hilty, S. L. 2011. Family Thraupidae (tanagers). Pages 46-329 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D. A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 16. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Hilty, S. L., and W. L. Brown. 1986. A guide to the birds of Colombia. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Isler, M. L. and Isler, P. H. 1999. The tanagers: natural history, distribution, and identification. Updated edition. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C.

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Lehmann, F. C. 1957. Contribuciones al estado de la fauna de Colombia XII. Novedades Columbianas 1: 101-156.

Marra, P. 1990. Nest, eggs, and young of the Green-and-Gold Tanager, with notes on timing of breeding. Wilson Bulletin 102: 346-348.

Munn, C. A. 1985. Permanent canopy and understory flocks in Amazonia: species composition and population density. Ornithological Monographs 36: 683-712. https://doi.org/10.2307/40168312

Munn, C. A., and J. W. Terborgh. 1979. Multi-species territoriality in Neotropical foraging flocks. Condor 81: 338-347. https://doi.org/10.2307/1366956

Naoki, K. 2003. Evolution of ecological diversity in the neotropical tanagers of the genus Tangara (Aves: Thraupidae). Unpublished dissertation. Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

Phelps, W. H., and W. H. Phelps, Jr. 1957. Descriptions of four new Venezuelan birds, extensions of ranges to Venezuela and other notes. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 70: 119-128.

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Remsen, J. V., Jr., and S. K. Robinson. 1990. A classification scheme for foraging behavior of birds in terrestrial habitats. Pages 144-160 in M. L. Morrison, C. J. Ralph, J. Verner, and J. R. Jehl, Jr. (editors), Avian foraging: theory, methodology, and applications. Studies in Avian Biology number 13.

Ridgely, R. S., and P. J. Greenfield. 2001a. The birds of Ecuador: status, distribution, and taxonomy. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.

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Sedano, R. E. and K. J. Burns. 2010. Are the Northern Andes a species pump for Neotropical birds? Phylogenetics and biogeography of a clade of Neotropical tanagers (Aves: Thraupini). Journal of Biogeography 37: 325-343. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2699.2009.02200.x

Spix, J. B. de. 1825. Avium species novae, quas in ininere per Brasiliam annis MDCCCXVII-MDCCCXX jussu et auspiciis Maximiliani Josephi I. Bavariae Regis. Volume II.

Storer, R.W. 1970. Subfamily Thraupinae, tanagers. Pages 246-408 in R. A. Paynter, Jr. (editor), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume XIII. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Terborgh, J., S. K. Robinson, T. A. Parker III, C. A. Munn, and N. Pierpont. 1990. Structure and organization of an Amazonian forest bird community. Ecological Monographs 60: 213-238. https://doi.org/10.2307/1943045

Van Houtan, K. S., and P. Alvarez-Loayza. 2006. Diet of nestling Green-and-gold Tanager (Tangara schrankii), with notes on nesting behavior and seed dispersal. Ornitología Neotropical 17: 307-312.

Weske, J. S. 1972. The distribution of the avifauna in the Apurimac Valley of Peru with respect to environmental gradients, habitat, and related species. Ph.D. thesis, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma.

Willard, D. E., M. S. Foster, G. F. Barrowclough, R. W. Dickerman, P. F. Cannell, S. L. Coats, J. L. Cracraft, and J. P. O'Neill. 1991. The birds of Cerro de la Neblina, Territorio Federal Amazonas, Venezuela. Fieldiana new series number 65.

Recommended Citation

Buitrón, G. (2018). Green-and-gold Tanager (Tangara schrankii), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/nb.gagtan2.01