The Gray-and-gold Tanager (Tangara palmeri) occurs in Panama, western Colombia, and western Ecuador. This species inhabits tropical lowland evergreen forests and montane evergreen forests. They are omnivorous, and eat a variety of fruits and insects. They are one of the few species of Tangara to forage by sallying for insects. Gray-and-gold Tanagers are found mostly in pairs or in small flocks of up to three to eight individuals when foraging. There is little information about their behavior, reproduction, population dynamics, and demography. Gray-and-gold Tanagers are listed as "Medium" for their conservation priority and are designated as "Medium" for research priority as well, relative to other Neotropical birds (Parker et al. 1996). The IUCN conservation status of the Gray-and-gold Tanagers is assessed as of Least Concern; however, the glpbal population likely is in decline due to habitat destruction (BirdLife International 2011).