Fork-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant Hemitriccus furcatus


The Fork-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant is a curiously localized and disjunctly distributed southeast Brazilian endemic, where it is found in a tiny part of southern Bahia, as well as over a rather larger but still small region on the borders of Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, and São Paulo states. This species, which is considered Vulnerable according to IUCN criteria, inhabits the undergrowth of humid forest borders and second growth, especially where there are dense thickets of bamboo and vine tangles, and it is apparently able to persist in degraded areas. Territories appear to be small, and the birds forage alone or in pairs, and only rarely appear within mixed-species flocks. The Fork-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant was formerly placed in its own genus, Ceratotriccus, and based on their similarly unusual tail shapes, it is plausible that another rare southeast Brazilian endemic, the Kaempfer’s Tody-Tyrant (Hemitriccus kaempferi) might also belong therein.

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© Davis Finch

  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding

Recommended Citation

Fork-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant (Hemitriccus furcatus), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: