Breeds March-June in Costa Rica, January-May in Colombia (Mobley 2004), March-May in Venezuela (Restall et al. 2006), September-December in central Brazil (Marini et al. 2009), April-August in Belize (Teul et al. 2007) and October-January in Argentina (Mezquida 2002, AEJ, personal observations).
Nests primarily in trees of the genus Kielmeyera in central Brazil (Marini et al. 2009), Pinus caribea, Crescentia cujete, and Byrsonima crassifolia in Belize (Teul et al. 2007), Prosopis flexuosa and Geoffroea decorticans in central Argentina (Mezquida 2002), Celtis ehrenbergiana in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina (AEJ and DTT, personal observations), and Acacia albicorticata in Santa Cruz Department, Bolivia (A.M.
Mamani and V. Bejarano, unpublished data).