Flame-faced Tanager Tangara parzudakii

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Thraupidae
  • Polytypic: 3 subspecies
  • Authors: Rebecca O'Malley and Kevin J. Burns
Sections

Systematics

Geographic Variation

Three subspecies of the Flame-faced Tanager are recognized (Storer 1970, Clements et al. 2010).

parzudakii, described by Lafresnaye in 1843; type locality "environs de Santa Fé de Bogota", Colombia.

Occurs from southwestern Venezuela through the Central and Eastern Andes sotuh through eastern Ecuador to northern Peru. See Detailed Description.

lunigera, described by Sclater in 1851; type locality Rio Negro (clearly an error; western Ecuador suggested by Berlepsch)

Occurs in the Pacific slope of the Western Andes of Colombia and in northwestern Ecuador.

Lacks red on the face, these areas instead orange-red (Hellmayr 1936, Hilty 2011).

urubambae, described by Zimmer in 1943; type locality Idma, above Santa Ana, [Cuzco], Peru

Occurs in Peru.

Very similar to nominate parzudakii, but bill shorter and stubbier; crown slightly paler yellow, red of forecrown slightly darker and duller, and belly duller.

Related Species

The Flame-faced Tanager is classified in the genus Tangara, the largest genus of Neotropical birds. Tangara is divided into 13 species groups based on vocalizations, diet, geographic distributions, behavior, and appearance (Isler and Isler 1987). Isler and Isler (1987) placed T. parzudakii in species group 5, along with T. johannae (Blue-whiskered Tanager), T. schrankii (Green-and-gold Tanager), T. florida (Emerald Tanager), T. arthus (Golden Tanager), T. icterocephala (Silver-throated Tanager), T. xanthocephala (Saffron-crowned Tanager), and T. chrysotis (Golden-eared Tanager). Genetic evidence confirms the monophyly of this group (Burns and Naoki 2004, Sedano and Burns 2010). However, within this group, a strongly supported sister species for T. parzudakii has not been identified.

Recommended Citation

O'Malley, R. and K. J. Burns (2012). Flame-faced Tanager (Tangara parzudakii), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/nb.flftan1.01