The Flame-crested Tanager is resident, and is broadly distributed in northern and central South America east of the Andes. It occurs from eastern Colombia south to northern Peru, and east, north of the Amazon, through Brazil and Venezuela to the Guianas. South of the Amazon it is found from southeastern Peru and northern Bolivia east to eastern Amazonian Brazil. A disjunct population also occurs in the Atlantic Forest region of eastern Brazil. They mainly occur below 500-600 m (Hilty and Brown 1986, Ridgely and Greenfield 2001), but are found up to 900 m in Peru (Schulenberg et al. 2007) and to 1400 m in Venezuela (Hilty 2003).