Although known to hybridize with the closely related Collared Aracari (Pteroglossus torquatus), the Fiery-billed Aracari, which occupies a very restricted range on the Pacific slope of southern Central America from western Costa Rica to western Panama, is usually considered a full species. Its range has apparently contracted, as the species was formerly reported further east in Panama, as well as on several close offshore islands. Nonetheless, the species remains tolerably common over most parts of its range. From the Collared Aracari, it is best distinguished by its red breast band and dramatically more colorful bill. The species has a variety of vocalizations, but all of them are considered similar to other members of the superspecies to which the Fiery-billed Aracari belongs. The Fiery-billed Aracari inhabits principally humid lowland forests, but has been recorded as high as 1800 m. Like other aracaris, its diet is somewhat catholic, being principally frugivorous but it also takes insects, as well as the eggs and young of birds as large as pigeons and woodpeckers. The latter may also be forcibly ejected from their nesting holes by this aracari, which will then use the newly vacated cavity to rear its own brood.