With the Emerald Tanager’s range estimated to be roughly 38,500 km2, the IUCN considers this species to be of "Least Concern" (BirdLife International 2011). However, no firm estimates of global population size or population trends have been established (BirdLife International 2011). Populations are suspected to be in decline due to habitat destruction (BirdLife International 2011).
Effects of human activity on populations
Given that the Emerald Tanager is restricted to specific types of microhabitats within its range, 100-1200 m in tropical lowland and montane evergreen forests (Parker et al. 1996), there is potential for core habitat areas to be altered or destroyed through continued deforestation as well as other anthropogenic disturbances. While the Emerald Tanager will use secondary growth as suitable habitat (Restall et al. 2007), established forest is favored. In areas such as Colombia and Ecuador where the Emerald Tanager is found in association with steep elevational gradients of the Andes, habitat destruction could have a greater effect (Stotz et al. 1996). It is critical to conserve these tight elevational gradient areas, as fragmentation of habitat and populations could prove devastating to maintaining genetic diversity and the overall stability of this species. Restall et al. (2007) notes that this species is suffering locally from deforestation. Parker et al. (1996) considered this species to have a "medium" degree of sensitivity to human disturbance relative to other Neotropical birds.