Occurs from southwestern United States, in southeastern Arizona, and northeastern Mexico in Nuevo León and Tamaulipas, south to Oaxaca ("Coppery-tailed Trogon"); and, disjunctly, from southern Guatemala south to northwestern Costa Rica ("Elegant Trogon").
Resident in most of its range. The northern populations, however, are migratory; vacates southeastern Arizona and northern Sonora in winter, but is resident from southern Sonora south (Russell and Monson 1998).
Also a vagrant to south Texas.
Occurs from the lowlands up to 2400 m in Mexico (Howell and Webb 1995), although only to 750 m in Costa Rica (Stiles and Skutch 1989).